The Taj Mahal Diamond: A Gemstone of Legendary Proportions

The Taj Mahal Diamond: A Gemstone of Legendary Proportions

Taj Mahal Diamond Necklace

Taj Mahal Diamond Necklace // ANL / Rex Shutterstock


The world of gemstones and jewelry is replete with stories of intrigue, passion, and opulence. While the tales of the Hope Diamond, the Cullinan, or the Koh-i-Noor might be more familiar to many, the story of the Taj Mahal Diamond is one that carries with it a deep historical resonance, particularly when one delves into its lineage of significant owners. In this article, we'll explore the rich tapestry that is the story of the Taj Mahal Diamond, touching upon its size, carat, geological detail, and its staggering value.


The Gem's Characteristics

The Taj Mahal Diamond is not renowned just for its lineage of owners; its physical attributes alone are a marvel. Although it’s not the largest diamond in the world, its size is impressive. Precise details about its carat weight have been kept somewhat private, making it a mysterious treasure, but estimates suggest its weight is considerable.

Geologically, the diamond is believed to originate from the famed Golconda mines of India, a location synonymous with some of the world's most illustrious gems, including the aforementioned Koh-i-Noor and the Hope Diamond. Diamonds from Golconda are particularly admired for their purity, color, and clarity, often exhibiting a type IIa classification, meaning they have little to no nitrogen impurities. This quality gives them an unparalleled transparency, making them some of the most coveted diamonds globally.


A Lineage of Notable Owners

Taj Mahal Diamond Necklace

Taj Mahal Diamond Necklace // Christie's


The Mughal Empire, at its zenith, was a realm of magnificence, artistry, and profound romances. At the heart of this grandeur was the love story of Emperor Shah Jahan and his beloved queen, Mumtaz Mahal. Theirs was a bond that transcended the constraints of their time, forming the backbone of many legends.

According to popular tales, amidst the myriad gifts that Shah Jahan lavished upon Mumtaz, the most exquisite was a unique heart-shaped diamond. Dubbed the "Taj Mahal Diamond" by storytellers over the years, it is said to have been a testament to the emperor's boundless love for his queen. This gem, believed to have originated from the famed Golconda mines, was said to carry the essence of their love, a love that was pure, deep, and eternal.

Though Mumtaz's life was tragically cut short in 1631, Shah Jahan's love for her knew no bounds. Beyond the diamond, he sought to immortalize her memory with the construction of the Taj Mahal, a mausoleum of unparalleled beauty and grandeur. As the tale goes, the diamond, much like the mausoleum, was a symbol of Shah Jahan's promise that their love would endure through time, remaining as unbreakable and radiant as the diamond itself.

The Taj Mahal, which stands majestically on the banks of the Yamuna river in Agra, is a tangible testament to their love. The tale of the Taj Mahal Diamond, on the other hand, remains enveloped in the mists of legend, a beautiful narrative that underscores the timeless romance of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal.

Following the decline of the Mughal Empire, the diamond's whereabouts become mired in mystery. It is speculated that the gem might have been part of the vast treasures looted and traded during the colonial era. Some tales suggest that it moved through various royal families of Europe, its significance and story becoming lost or diluted with each transaction.

The diamond resurfaced to public knowledge in the mid-20th century. By this time, its connection to the Mughals was either forgotten or became part of obscured lore. It was during this period that the gem caught the attention of Richard Burton, the famed actor known not only for his cinematic achievements but also for his grand gestures of love towards Elizabeth Taylor.

Hollywood has seen its fair share of iconic romances, but few have captured the public's imagination quite like the tumultuous love story of Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton. Known for their passionate relationship, multiple marriages to each other, and a shared penchant for luxury, their story took a particularly glittering turn in 1972.

For Elizabeth Taylor's 40th birthday, Richard Burton presented her with an exquisite heart-shaped diamond, the Taj Mahal Diamond, believed to have been gifted by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan to his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal, centuries earlier. In a nod to its historical romance, Burton reportedly quipped to Taylor, “I would have liked to buy her the Taj Mahal, but it would cost too much to transport.” Instead, he settled on the next best thing – the diamond that bore its name.

The diamond, suspended from a gold and ruby chain designed by Cartier, wasn't just a testament to Burton's love for Taylor but also her love for jewelry. Elizabeth Taylor was renowned for her exquisite collection of jewels, many of which were gifts from Burton during their relationship. However, the Taj Mahal Diamond was special, not just because of its historical lineage, but also due to the profound love and emotion it represented.

As with many aspects of their relationship, the gifting of the diamond made headlines around the world, reinforcing their reputation as one of the most glamorous couples of the 20th century. Taylor wore the necklace on numerous occasions, with its appearance at events often overshadowing other aspects of the evening.

Though their love story was filled with highs and lows, ending in two divorces, the memory of their passion endures, in part thanks to symbols like the Taj Mahal Diamond, which remains emblematic of their larger-than-life romance.


The Value of the Taj Mahal Diamond

Valuing such a gemstone is no straightforward task. The Taj Mahal Diamond's worth doesn't solely lie in its size, carat, or clarity but intertwines with its storied past. In 2011, following Elizabeth Taylor's passing, the diamond was auctioned at Christie's. The heart-shaped diamond pendant on a 20th century Cartier gold neck chain set with rubies and diamonds was expected to fetch between $300,000 and $500,000 at auction but an anonymous buyer ended up bidding more than 20 times its estimated value, as it sold for an astonishing $8.8 million, shattering estimations and proving its esteemed place in the annals of jewelry history.

The buyer, who chose to remain anonymous, undoubtedly recognized the gem's intrinsic value, coupled with its historical significance and association with Taylor, a silver screen legend. However, the buyer subsequently requested a refund, asserting that the gem did not truly originate from a Mughal emperor.

In response, Taylor's estate argued that retracting the sale breached Christie's own guidelines, emphasizing that the auction house had never assured the diamond's antiquity or its Mughal provenance.

The estate's trustees, among whom is Liz's son, Christopher Wilding, criticized Christie's decision to refund the substantial sum to the buyer, asserting they weren't bound to do so.

Regardless, the price it achieved at the auction is a testament to its unmatched allure and how much famous articles can obtain at a Christie's auction.



The Taj Mahal Diamond is more than just a piece of crystallized carbon; it's a testament to humanity's appreciation of beauty, luxury, and history. From the hands of an emperor to a screen siren, its journey is emblematic of the transient yet powerful nature of love and passion. The diamond, with its geological brilliance and storied past, serves as a poignant reminder of the depths of human emotion and the lengths we go to commemorate it. As it continues to pass from one owner to the next, the legend of the Taj Mahal Diamond will undoubtedly endure, enchanting future generations as it has for centuries past.


Cover image: Courtesy of Getty Images


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